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terça-feira, 20 de julho de 2010

Qualities of a Vaisnava

In Vrindavana, in a great place of pilgrimage underneath the desire trees, is a golden throne bedecked with jewels. On that throne sits the son of Nanda Maharaja, Sri Govindadeva, the transcendental Cupid.
Varieties of majestic service are rendered to Govinda there. His garments, ornaments and paraphernalia are all transcendental.

In that temple of Govindaji, thousands of servitors always render service to the Lord in devotion. Even with thousands of mouths, one could not describe this service. In that temple the chief servitor was Sri Haridasa Pandita. His qualities and fame are known all over the world. He was gentle, tolerant, peaceful, magnanimous, grave, sweet in his words and very sober in his endeavors.
He was respectful to everyone and worked for the benefit of all. Diplomacy, envy and jealousy were unknown to his heart. The fifty qualities of Lord Krishna were all present in his body.

"In one who has unflinching devotional faith in Krishna, all the good qualities of Krishna and the demigods are consistently manifested. However, one who has no devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead has no good qualifications because he is engaged by mental concoction in material existence, which is the external feature of the Lord."

Sri Sri Radha Govinda, Vienna

Ananta Acarya was a disciple of Gadadhara Pandita. His body was always absorbed in love of Godhead. He was magnanimous and advanced in all respects. Ananta Acarya was a reservoir of all good qualities. No one can estimate how great he was. Pandita Haridasa was his beloved disciple.

Pandita Haridasa had great faith in Lord Caitanya and Nityananda. Therefore he took great satisfaction in knowing about Their pastimes and qualities. He always accepted the good qualities of Vaishnavas and never found fault in them. He engaged his heart and soul only to satisfy the Vaishnavas. He always heard the reading of Sri Caitanya-mangala, and all the other Vaishnavas used to hear it by his grace.
Like the full moon, he illuminated the entire assembly of Vaishnavas by speaking Sri Caitanya-mangala, and by the nectar of his qualities he increased their transcendental bliss.

By his causeless mercy he ordered me to write about the last pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.

Govinda Gosani, the priest engaged in the service of Lord Govinda in Vrindavana, was a disciple of Kasisvara Gosani. There was no servant more dear to the Govinda Deity. Sri Yadavacarya Gosani, a constant associate of Srila Rupa Gosvami, was also very enthusiastic in hearing and chanting about Lord Caitanya's pastimes.
Bhugarbha Gosani, a disciple of Pandita Gosani, was always engaged in topics regarding Lord Caitanya, knowing nothing else.

Among his disciples were Caitanya dasa, who was a priest of the Govinda Deity, as well as Mukundananda Cakravarti and the great devotee Krishnadasa. Among the disciples of Ananta Acarya was Sivananda Cakravarti, in whose heart Lord Caitanya and Nityananda constantly dwelled.

In Vrindavana there were also many other great devotees, all of whom desired to hear the last pastimes of Lord Caitanya. By their mercy, all these devotees ordered me to write of the last pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Because of their order only, although I am shameless, I have attempted to write this Caitanya-caritamrita.

Having received the order of the Vaishnavas but being anxious within my heart, I went to the temple of Madana-mohana in Vrindavana to ask His permission also. When I visited the temple of Madana-Mohana, the priest Gosani dasa was serving the feet of the Lord, and I also prayed at the Lord's lotus feet.

When I prayed to the Lord for permission, a garland from His neck immediately slipped down. As soon as this happened, the Vaishnavas standing there all loudly chanted, "Haribol!" and the priest, Gosani dasa, brought me the garland and put it around my neck.

I was greatly pleased to have the garland signifying the order of the Lord, and then and there I commenced to write this book. Actually Sri Caitanya-caritamrita is not my writing but the dictation of Sri Madana-mohana. My writing is like the repetition of a parrot. As a wooden doll is made to dance by a magician, I write as Madana-gopala orders me to do so.

I accept as my family Deity Madana-mohana, whose worshipers are Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, Sri Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami. I took permission from Srila Vrindavana dasa Thakura by praying at his lotus feet, and upon receiving his order I have attempted to write this auspicious literature.

Srila Vrindavana dasa Thakura is the authorized writer on the pastimes of Lord Caitanya. Without his mercy, therefore, one cannot describe these pastimes. I am foolish, lowborn and insignificant, and I always desire material enjoyment; yet by the order of the Vaishnavas I am greatly enthusiastic to write this transcendental literature.

The lotus feet of Sri Rupa Gosvami and Raghunatha dasa Gosvami are my source of strength. Remembering their lotus feet can fulfill all one's desires. Praying at the lotus feet of Sri Rupa and Sri Raghunatha, always desiring their mercy, I, Krishnadasa, narrate Sri Caitanya-caritamrita, following in their footsteps. (Cc Adi 8.50 - 85)

Srila AC Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada, SB 5.18.12, purport:

In the Adi-lila of Caitanya-caritamrita, Chapter Eight, there is a description of some of the qualities of devotees. For example, Sri Pandita Haridasa is described as being very well-behaved, tolerant, peaceful, magnanimous and grave.

In addition, he spoke very sweetly, his endeavors were very pleasing, he was always patient, he respected everyone, he always worked for everyone's benefit, his mind was free of duplicity, and he was completely devoid of all malicious activities.

These are all originally qualities of Krishna, and when one becomes a devotee they automatically become manifest. Sri Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the author of Caitanya-caritamrita, says that all good qualities become manifest in the body of a Vaishnava and that only by the presence of these good qualities can one distinguish a Vaishnava from a non-Vaishnava.

Krishnadasa Kaviraja lists the following twenty-six good qualities of a Vaishnava:

(1) He is very kind to everyone. (2) He does not make anyone his enemy. (3) He is truthful. (4) He is equal to everyone. (5) No one can find any fault in him. (6) He is magnanimous. (7) He is mild. (8) He is always clean. (9) He is without possessions. (10) He works for everyone's benefit. (11) He is very peaceful. (12) He is always surrendered to Krishna. (13) He has no material desires. (14) He is very meek. (15) He is steady. (16) He controls his senses. (17) He does not eat more than required. (18) He is not influenced by the Lord's illusory energy. (19) He offers respect to everyone. (20) He does not desire any respect for himself. (21) He is very grave. (22) He is merciful. (23) He is friendly. (24) He is poetic. (25) He is expert. (26) He is silent.

(Cc Madhya 22. 78 - 90)

kripalu, akrita-droha, satya-sara sama
nidosha, vadanya, mridu, suci, akincana
sarvopakaraka, santa, krishnaika-sarana
akama, aniha, sthira, vijita-shad-guna
mita-bhuk, apramatta, manada, amani
gambhira, karuna, maitra, kavi, daksha, mauni

kripalu -- merciful; akrita-droha -- not defiant; satya-sara -- thoroughly true; sama -- equal; nidosha -- faultless; vadanya -- magnanimous; mridu -- mild; suci -- clean; akincana -- without material possessions; sarva-upakaraka -- working for the welfare of everyone; santa -- peaceful; krishna-eka-sarana -- exclusively surrendered to Krishna; akama -- desireless; aniha -- indifferent to material acquisitions; sthira -- fixed; vijita-shat-guna -- completely controlling the six bad qualities (lust, anger, greed, etc.); mita-bhuk -- eating only as much as required; apramatta -- without inebriation; mana-da -- respectful; amani -- without false prestige; gambhira -- grave; karuna -- compassionate; maitra -- a friend; kavi -- a poet; daksha -- expert; mauni -- silent.

"Devotees are always merciful, humble, truthful, equal to all, faultless, magnanimous, mild and clean. They are without material possessions, and they perform welfare work for everyone. They are peaceful, surrendered to Krishna and desireless. They are indifferent to material acquisitions and are fixed in devotional service. They completely control the six bad qualities -- lust, anger, greed and so forth. They eat only as much as required, and they are not inebriated. They are respectful, grave, compassionate and without false prestige. They are friendly, poetic, expert and silent."

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Jaya Srila Prabhupada ! Hare Krsna !

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